Brain imaging identifies best memorization strategies, details differing parts of brain used in each
While earlier pilot studies had indicated that individuals use a variety of strategies to help them memorize new information, the following four strategies were the main strategies used by participants in this study, according to Kirchhoff, including:
1) A visual inspection strategy in which participants carefully studied the visual appearance of objects.
2) A verbal elaboration ? or word-based strategy ? in which individuals constructed sentences about the objects to remember them.
3) A mental imagery strategy in which participants formed interactive mental images of the objects ? similar to animated cartoons.
4) A memory retrieval strategy in which they thought about the meaning of the objects and/or personal memories associated with the objects.